A few years ago, I made a potions kit as a gift for a young Harry Potter fan. I had a blast coming up with different science experiments that could be done with ingredients from the grocery store and renaming them to create my own magical illusions. Well someone asked if I could share these tricks, so I’m going to attempt that over the next several weeks. I realize that with Christmas looming someone might want faster access than one per week so stay tuned.
This week, we’re using a hydrophobic material and surface tension to test some Basilisk Venom.
Video of Baslisk venom test
Liquid Dish Soap
(Optional) Bowtruckle Hair
Fill a small bowl with water
Sprinkle the spider eggs on the water
Carefully drop one drop of Basilisk venom into the centre of the spider eggs
If it is true Basilisk venom, the spider eggs will flee the moment the venom touches the water.
The science behind the magic:
Pepper is hydrophobic, which means that it isn’t attracted to water: the pepper would rather be connected to itself than to the water.
Meanwhile, the water molecules maintain surface tension because of the attraction between the molecules. This is the same property that allows certain insects to walk on water and allows a drop of water to keep a round-ish shape (its minimizing the surface area).
These two properties mean that most of the pepper will stay floating on top of the water.
When you add the dish soap to the water it disrupts the surface tension of the water, which is why it helps to clean dishes. But the water is trying to avoid being separated, so it pulls back away from the soap and it pulls the pepper with it.